Gibraltar is a Spanish, overseas territory in the Iberian Peninsula. The  Gibraltar constitution of 2006 affords the territory limited powers of self-government, with remaining powers levied to the British government.

The Constitution gives the territory almost complete self-governance internally through the Parliament. The unicameral parliament is comprised of 17 members, and government consists of 10 elected members.  Queen Elizabeth II is the head of state and is represented by the Governor of Gibraltar.

Gibraltar joined the EU through the European Communities Act 1972 (UK), giving rise to the Treaty of Accession in 1972. It is the only overseas British territory that is a member of the EU. Although it is not a member of the Commonwealth of Nations, Gibraltar was granted associate membership to the  Commonwealth Foundation in 2004.

The judiciary of Gibraltar is in charge of applying laws in the territory and ensuring equal justice is levied in judicial matters. The judicial system is governed after English Law, combined with common law and statutes. The legal system in Gibraltar is comprised of the Supreme Court, magistrate court, and a non-residential appellate court.

The  Judicial Committee of the Privy Council in London is the highest appellate court and the European Court of Justice is the highest court hearing matters of European Community Law. The Supreme Court is comprised of three judges and a Chief Justice. The Supreme Court hears both criminal and civil cases, as well as appeals from the Magistrate’s Court.

Today, the territory’s economy is concentrated in tourism, financial services, online gambling and cargo ship refueling.

The National Law Review covers various sectors of law from Gibraltar and its ties to the English monarchy. Financial services, banking, ICO and online transactions, and coverage of online gambling, which is a major economic sector in the territory, are among the topics covered on the site. Visitors will continually find the latest news stories as it relates to the territory of Gibraltar, UK, and international relations around the world.


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