Canada

Located in the Northern part of North America, Canada sits directly on top of the United States. In addition to sharing borders, the United States and Canada are among the largest countries in the world, Canada being the second-largest country by area. And, the land border which is shared with the US, makes it the world’s longest bi-national land border.

Canada was established in 1535 by France and was originally known as the colony of Canada. Today Canada is governed by a Federal-parliamentary democracy and a constitutional monarchy, with Queen Elizabeth as the head of state. At the federal level, it is a bilingual nation, speaking English and French; Canada is one of the most ethnically diverse and multicultural nations in the world, which is primarily the result of large-scale immigration.

Canada has an advanced economy, making it the tenth-largest in the world, based on GDP (in the Human Development Index). It is abundant in natural resources, and relies heavily on a well-developed international trade market. Canada also ranks highly in international measurements for categories including: government transparency, economic freedom, civil liberties, quality of life, education, and healthcare. Canada is a member of the United Nations, G20, G7, NAFTA, Group of Ten, the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, and the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation Forum.

Canada is governed by the Constitution of Canada, making it the supreme law of the country. Written text and unwritten conventions govern the Constitution. The Constitution Act of 1982 ended all legislative ties with the UK, while adding an amending formula for the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms. The Supreme Court of Canada is the highest court, and the Judiciary plays an integral role in interpreting powers; the Judiciary also has the power to strike down Acts of Parliament if they violate the Constitution. Common law prevails in all provinces except Quebec, which is regulated by the civil law system.

Canada is a powerful country in terms of its economy, with a GDP of $1.52 trillion US (2016). It is rated as one of the top ten trading nations in the world. The country ranks above the US and many western European countries in the Heritage Foundation Index, and the country experiences extremely low levels of income disparity. The economy is also heavily driven by stock exchange, as the Toronto Stock Exchange is the seventh largest market in the world.

Canada’s economy is highly driven by import and export, and trade with countries including the US, China, and the European Union. Since the 20th century, the country has also experienced growth in mining, manufacturing, and the services sector. The service industry drives the Canadian economy, employing about ¾ of the country’s workforce. Petroleum and forestry are two of the country’s most prominent areas of expertise, driving a great deal of income in these sectors.

The National Law Review covers the latest news, stories, and information regarding Canada, and its provinces. Litigation, employment law changes in the country, new legislation, immigration law, patent application stories, and Canada’s bioeconomy, are among the different stories covered on the National Law Review. Visitors will find up to date stories, news, and cases from Canada regularly on the site.

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Sep
30
2021
French Insider Podcast Episode 7: What Businesses Need to Know about the US and Canadian Workforces: HR, Return to Office, and Cultural Differences with Wendy Alderdice Sheppard, Mullin, Richter & Hampton LLP
Sep
27
2018
Upcoming Canadian Breach Notification Requirements Still in Flux Sheppard, Mullin, Richter & Hampton LLP
Aug
16
2013
Free(er?) Trade - US, EU and Canada Quibble Over Market Access and Domestic Preferences Sheppard, Mullin, Richter & Hampton LLP
Oct
1
2018
NAFTA Agreement Reached at the Eleventh Hour Sheppard, Mullin, Richter & Hampton LLP
Feb
1
2023
“Not My Work”: When Artists Dispute Authorship Sheppard, Mullin, Richter & Hampton LLP
Oct
16
2014
Bulletin: Commerce Department Statistics on the First Year of Export Control Reform Sheppard, Mullin, Richter & Hampton LLP
Aug
18
2022
Does the USMCA Mean What It Says? The Disputes Panel Hearing on the Auto Core Parts Rules of Origin Sheppard, Mullin, Richter & Hampton LLP
Feb
15
2023
A Closer Look at the Recent USMCA Automobile Disputes Panel Decision Sheppard, Mullin, Richter & Hampton LLP
Mar
8
2018
NAFTA Update: Impact of Steel and Aluminum Tariffs on Negotiations Sheppard, Mullin, Richter & Hampton LLP
Feb
16
2022
Restructure This! Episode 3: Canada: Cannabis Boom or Bust? [PODCAST] Sheppard, Mullin, Richter & Hampton LLP
Jan
31
2024
French Insider Episode 29: Navigating Global Capital Markets with Erik Sloane of Cboe Global Markets [PODCAST] Sheppard, Mullin, Richter & Hampton LLP
Aug
18
2016
Surge In Populism: Dangers To Transnational Trade In Americas And Reasons For Hope Sheppard, Mullin, Richter & Hampton LLP
Nov
22
2016
Future of U.S.-Canada Trade Relationship in Light of 2016 Election Sheppard, Mullin, Richter & Hampton LLP
Jan
24
2019
Canada’s PIPEDA Consent Guidelines Now In Effect Sheppard, Mullin, Richter & Hampton LLP
May
27
2020
The United States-Mexico-Canada Agreement – Paving the Way for a Cross-Border Fintech Sandbox Sheppard, Mullin, Richter & Hampton LLP
Apr
28
2021
New Labor Obligations Contained In USMCA Present Risks for Covered Employers Sheppard, Mullin, Richter & Hampton LLP
Mar
14
2018
5 Steps to Obtaining an Exemption under President Trump’s Steel and Aluminum Tariffs Sheppard, Mullin, Richter & Hampton LLP
Dec
20
2021
Benefits and Considerations for Patent Prosecution Under Patent Prosecution Highway in Australia, Canada, South Korea, and Japan Sheppard, Mullin, Richter & Hampton LLP
Sep
27
2013
Canada's First Foreign Bribery Conviction Shows Trend in Increased Enforcement Sheppard, Mullin, Richter & Hampton LLP
Jan
17
2020
Modernizing NAFTA: The United States-Mexico-Canada Trade Agreement Sheppard, Mullin, Richter & Hampton LLP
Jun
28
2018
5 Weird Things About the Trump Trade Agenda: Disruptive Innovation On a Global Scale Sheppard, Mullin, Richter & Hampton LLP
Oct
10
2018
UK’s Data Protection Authority Enforces GDPR Sheppard, Mullin, Richter & Hampton LLP
May
19
2017
NAFTA Renegotiation Goes Live Sheppard, Mullin, Richter & Hampton LLP
Feb
6
2014
Divisional Practice in the BRICs and other Countries – Part 7 of a 9-Part Series: Canada Michael Best & Friedrich LLP
May
11
2014
The Thorny Problem of Patentable Eligible Subject Matter: Part 2 of a 10-Part Series: Canada Michael Best & Friedrich LLP
Aug
29
2013
Section 8 of the Indian Patents Act and a Comparison with the Disclosure Requirements in Canada, Israel and the U.S. Michael Best & Friedrich LLP
Feb
17
2014
Patent Trolls: A Global Perspective Re: Patent Infringement Michael Best & Friedrich LLP
Aug
17
2010
Google’s AdWords Policy Expanded to Europe and Canada Michael Best & Friedrich LLP
Nov
29
2016
Update on Patentability of Diagnostic Claims: Canada Michael Best & Friedrich LLP
Jun
3
2014
Canada’s Anti-Spam Legislation Becomes Effective July 1, 2014 Michael Best & Friedrich LLP
Jul
14
2015
New Patent Examination Guidance in Canada for Evaluating Medical Diagnostic Methods: Will Canada’s Application Be More Flexible than the U.S.? Michael Best & Friedrich LLP
Aug
23
2017
Understanding Bolar and Bolar-Like Exceptions in the U.S. and Abroad – Part 2 – Canada Michael Best & Friedrich LLP
Dec
22
2023
U.S. Department of State Announces Visa Renewal Pilot Program Dinsmore & Shohl LLP
Feb
1
2023
Time is Running Out to File an International Investment Arbitration Claim Under NAFTA Dinsmore & Shohl LLP
Mar
30
2012
The Canadians are coming! The Canadians are coming! Dinsmore & Shohl LLP
 

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