New Brunswick

New Brunswick is one of the three maritime Eastern provinces of Canada. It was originally settled by Native American tribes; in the 1600s, it was settled by the French colonists, who eventually colonized a majority of the Eastern provinces in Canada. New Brunswick originally became one of the four founding provinces of Canada. According to Canada’s constitution, New Brunswick is the only bilingual province in the country.

New Brunswick is bordered by Quebec, the Atlantic Ocean, Bay of Fundi, and Maine. Settlement in the region has greatly been discouraged because of glaciation in the area, which has left a majority of the territory with shallow, acidic soils, making it difficult to develop and cultivate on the land. A large portion of the territory is almost entirely forested, and the climate in the region is more severe than other maritime provinces.

The province has roughly 750,000 inhabitants. The three major urban areas include: Saint John, Greater Moncton, and Greater Fredericton. Today, the region’s economy is mainly driven by the agricultural industry, with the US being the province’s largest export market. Paper goods, seafood, petroleum, and nonmetallic mineral are among the leading areas of production. Fisheries, forestry, mining, and tourism also contribute to New Brunswick’s economy.

The Bay of Fundy, Hopewell Rocks, the Fundy Trail Parkway, Whale watching by Saint Andrews by the Sea, and the Reversing Falls Skywalk, are among the most popular tourist attractions in the province. Kouchibouguac National Park, Fundy National Park, and Murray Beach Provincial Park, are also frequented by locals and tourists to the area alike.

New Brunswick’s highest provincial court is the Court of Appeal.  Other courts include the Court of Queen’s Bench of New Brunswick, that has jurisdiction over family law and criminal and civil cases.  The Probate Court hears cases over estates and deceased persons, and the Provincial Court of New Brunswick hears almost all of the cases involving criminal codes. There are roughly eight judicial districts along county lines.  The Court of Appeal hears appeals from the aforementioned courts, and the Chief Justice of New Brunswick is at the top of this structure.

Visitors to the National Law Review can find the latest news from the province of New Brunswick, as well as news relating to other provinces, Canada, and international relations on the site regularly. Content related to import/exports, foreign relations, antitrust violations, and news which affects the rest of the country of Canada, is available for visitors to the National Law Review and updated as news/stories become available.


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